Weizman, Ezer

   A nephew of Chaim Weizmann, who spelled his name with one n to avoid benefiting from the family connection. Born in Tel Aviv on 15 June 1924, he was educated at the Reali School in Haifa and joined the Hagana in 1939. In 1942, he enlisted in the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and saw service in India. In 1948, he served as a squadron commander in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and rose through the ranks. He studied with the RAF from 1951 to 1953, and in 1958, he became commander in chief of the Israeli air force. From 1966 to 1969, he served as chief of the general staff branch of the IDF and in that capacity was involved in planning Israel's victory in the Six-Day War (1967), including its swift and decisive defeat of the Egyptian air force (much of it still on the ground). He resigned from the IDF in December 1969, apparently convinced that he would not be made chief of staff.
   Weizman immediately entered political life. He was first elected to the seventh Knesset (1969) on the Gahal list. In 1969-70, he served as minister of transport in the Government of National Unity led by Golda Meir in one of the six seats allocated to the Gahal Party. He was elected chairman of the Herut Party in 1971. He managed the Likud's first successful campaign in the election to the ninth Knesset in 1977. In the subsequent government formed by Menachem Begin, he served as minister of defense but resigned in 1980. In 1984, he founded his own centrist political party, Yahad, which won three seats in the 11th Knesset, and joined the Government of National Unity, with Weizman serving as minister in the prime minister's office with special responsibility for Arab affairs. In 1986, he was appointed minister without portfolio in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Reelected to the 12th Knesset (1988) but this time as a member of the Israel Labor Party, Weizman became minister of science and development.
   After retiring from party politics in February 1992, he was elected president of Israel in 1993 and was reelected for a second five-year term in March 1998. Renowned as being a populist politician, he was credited with opening up the office of the presidency, making it an institution more accessible to the average Israeli. He also sought to transform the presidency into a "bully pulpit" for expressing popular sentiment about controversial aspects of domestic politics and security and foreign policy (an exercise that found Weizman clashing on occasion with Labor and Likud prime ministers alike). He was forced to resign from the presidency in July 2000 amid revelations of financial impropriety (although no charges were filed against him). On 24 April 2005, he died at his home in Caesarea at the age of 80.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • WEIZMAN, EZER — (1924–2005), Israeli air force commander, politician, and seventh president of Israel, member of the Ninth, Eleventh, and Twelfth Knessets. A nephew of chaim weizmann , he was born in Tel Aviv. He learned flying at the Haifa Aviation Club, joined …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Weizman, Ezer — ▪ 2006       Israeli military officer and politician (b. June 15, 1924, Tel Aviv, British mandated Palestine [now Tel Aviv, Israel] d. April 24, 2005, Caesarea, Israel), evolved from a hawkish military leader noted for his guidance of the Israeli …   Universalium

  • Ezer Weizman — 1978 in Camp David Ezer Weizman (eingedeutscht Eser Weizmann, hebräisch ‏עזר ויצמן‎; * 15. Juni 1924 in Tel Aviv; † 24. April 2005 in Caesarea) war der siebte israelische Präsident (1993 2000). Sein Vorgänger war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ezer Weizman — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Weizman. Ezer Weizman (עזר ויצמן), est né le 15 juin 1924 à Tel Aviv et décédé le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ezer Weizman — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ezer Weizman Ezer Weizman en 1978 7º Presidente de Israel 13 de mayo de 1993 – 13 de julio de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Weizman — Weizman,   Ezer, israelischer Politiker, * Tel Aviv 15. 6. 1924, Neffe von C. Weizmann; Offizier, 1946 48 als Mitglied in der Irgun Zwai Leumi aktiv. 1948 66 hatte er verschiedene Kommandos in der israelischen Luftwaffe inne; 1966 69 war er ihr… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ezer Weizman — Infobox President | name =עזר ויצמן Ezer Weizman nationality =Israeli small caption =Ezer Weizman in 1978 order =7th President of the State of Israel term start =May 13, 1993 term end =July 13, 2000 predecessor =Chaim Herzog successor =Moshe… …   Wikipedia

  • Ezer Weizmann — Ezer Weizman 1978 in Camp David Eser Weizmann?/ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Weizman — /ˈvaɪtsmən/ (say vuytsmuhn) noun Ezer, 1924–2005, Israeli air force general and politician, nephew of Chaim Weizmann; president 1993–2000 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Ezer Weizman — n. (1924 2005) seventh president of Israel, Israeli military officer and politician …   English contemporary dictionary

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